Thursday, May 28, 2020

Bibliography On Relationship Between Obesity And Hypertension - 825 Words

Bibliography On Relationship Between Obesity And Hypertension (Annotated Bibliography Sample) Content: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OBESITY AND HYPERTENSIONStudents nameLectures nameCourse titleDatePART ADeMarco,V.G., Aroor,A.R., Sowers,J.R. (2014). The pathophysiology of hypertension in patients with obesity. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 10(6), 364-376. doi:10.1038/nrendo.2014.44The authors use epidemiological data to analyze global obesity and high blood pressure. They find that obesity is as a result of mainly a combination of an increase in food intake and reduction of physical exercises. They use this global data on obesity to test their hypothesis that hypertension results from obesity. Obesity is becoming a burden in the world because about one billion people are overweight or obese. Countries like the USA have 33% of the population obese. Date obtained from Framingham Heart Study shows the relationship between hypertension and obesity. Analysis of data from the study supports their hypothesis. The number of cases of hypertension increases with increasing BMI in both men and women. The data indicates that in every increment of 5% percent of weight, there is a 20 to 30% increased risk of getting hypertension. Researchers also studied the mechanisms or the pathophysiology of increased hypertension among the obese. They link metabolic and cardiovascular complications of obesity to upper body obesity. Further studies in the 1980s revealed that an increase in the risk of developing hypertension is attributed to increasing waist-to-hip ratio. These complications which include hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance plus the abdominal obesity are the key causes of cardiorenal and metabolic syndromes. Reports from recent clinical trials suggest that a reduction of weight by 10% is an important non-pharmacological therapy of reducing high blood pressure. In this article, the authors review the pathophysiology of hypertension in obesity and relationship among many factors that contribute to the condition including dysfunctional immunity. They also hig hlight the treatment of hypertension due to obesity in patients.PART BFrom investigation made obesity is a preventable disease resulting from overweight. It is defined as excess body weight compared to height. From the data obtained from the United States National Library of Medicine, by 2030, about 20% will be suffering from obesity and USA alone will have an obesity prevalence of 85% (Bagchi Preuss, 2013). While the growth rate in most countries seems to have become zero, morbid obesity stills continue to increase. Obesity is a risk of hypertension. The criteria used for diagnosing obesity is the body mass index (BMI). A BMI of at least 30 is classified as obesity. Another criterion uses waist circumference measurements to find out abdominal obesity. A circumference of at least 94 cm is considered as abdominal adiposity in European men and at least 80cm is considered as abdominal adiposity in European women. The fat in the viscera is thought to be associated with metabolic distur bances predisposing the victims to cardiovascular conditions such as high blood pressure (Bakris Sorrentino).In children, obesity is classified differently from adults since the composition of the body changes as the child grows. This also varies between boys and girls. The most recent method of classification of obesity and overweight in children is known as the World Health Organization Child Growth Standards. These guidelines show references from birth to early adulthood. The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the USA uses the CDC growth references currently to highlight sex and age-specific BMI percentiles. At least 85th percentile and 95th percentile is defined as overweight for age and sex respectively, while 95th percentile represent obesity in children.Risk factors for obesity include excess energy intake, reduced physical exercise, excess or little sleep, stress, some drugs like steroids, genetics, some certain diseases such as Cushings disease. Environment al issues like viruses and living in desert regions poses a risk of obesity also. Among the many consequences of obesity in the body is a risk of developing hypertension. Research shows that obesity is associated with vasodilation, increased blood flow and hypertension (In Bray In Bouchard, 2014). Glomerular filtration, cardiac output, and sodium retention increases. All these lead to hypertension. At the same time, hormone leptin, produced mainly by abdominal fat t cause weight loss and reduce satiety causes hypertension by activating the sympathetic system (Zhou University of Ottawa, 2011). During this process, renal system is activated to alter the...

Saturday, May 16, 2020

The Quality of Financial Reporting After the Passage of...

Research Proposal The Quality of financial Reporting after the passage of Sarbanes-Oxley Act Dr. Hassan Ahmed Assistant Professor at Cameron University Abstract The complexity of business environment necessitates a set of required disclosures in a timely fashion. The full disclosure principle under U.S. GAAP is based on a vague definition that cannot be clearly implemented. The cost of disclosures can be significantly large and can have a negative impact on companies’ future earnings (small businesses). The purpose of this article is to examine the disclosure establishment of pre and post Enron, the effect of those disclosures on both corporations and on potential investors and to examine whether financial reporting quality†¦show more content†¦Arthur Levitt’s top priority throughout his tenure with SEC was, to protect potential investors. Mr. Levitt’s policy was to increase the quality of financial reporting and strengthen the role of the corporate audit committees. Contingent liabilities are often referred as off-balance sheet activities and they are neither recognized as assets or liabilities nor the y are reported on the balance sheet simply because GAAP does not recognize them as such. Enron and many other large companies were successful to keep billions of dollars of debt off-balance sheet (Chandra, et al, 2006). Title 4 section 401, j of SOX’s enhanced financial disclosures required the disclosure of all material off balance sheet transactions, obligations, arrangements and any material current or future that will have an effect on the financial condition (SOX, 2002). Economics and Accounting literature devoted considerable amount of time to analyze the cost-benefit of SOX and found that US firms incur 6.1 billion was spent of manpower, IT and consulting services (CFO, Bergen 2004 and 2005). The debate of whether the cost of complying SOX is cost effective, is an impetus toward a policy change, however, one can ask, ever since the SOX implementation, how the quality of financial reporting has effected? Research Question and Hypothesis Development Many studies have addressed disclosure mismanagement of financial statements before and after Enron scandal, however, the few studies that have tackledShow MoreRelatedThe Sarbanes Oxley Act ( Sox )1526 Words   |  7 Pages Essay #1- Tax Advantages and Disadvantages of Sarbanes-Oxley Eric Kitts Liberty University â€Æ' Introduction The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) of 2002 was implemented to deter fraudulent activities amongst companies by monitoring and auditing financial activities as well as set up internal controls to aid in the safeguard of company funds and investor’s interest. SOX also regulates the non-audit tax services (NATS) that can be performed by an auditing firm. SOX was passed by Congress in 2002 in anRead MoreA History Of Earnings Management1624 Words   |  7 PagesA History of Earnings Management, Financial Scandals, and the Resulting Legislations At the turn of the 21st century, America found itself wrought with multiple financial scandals. The poor decisions of just a few executives resulted in thousands of people out of a job, pension funds wiped away, and houses going back to the bank. While earnings management was certainly not a new concept nor was the resulting fraud, the high number of scandals within a short period of time brought it front and centerRead MoreThe Sarbanes Oxley ( Sox ) Act Of 20021617 Words   |  7 PagesThe focus of this week’s assignment is the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Act of 2002. A brief historical summary of SOX will be presented, including the events leading up to its passage. The key ethical components of SOX will be identified and explained. The social responsibility implications of the mandatory publication of corporate ethics will be assessed. One of the main criticisms of SOX has been its implementation costs, and this specific criticism will be addressed in regards to smaller org anizationsRead MoreAnalysis of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act3143 Words   |  13 PagesAnalysis of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act Abstract The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) was enacted in July 30, 2002, by Congress to protect shareholders and the general public from fraudulent corporate practices and accounting errors and to maintain auditor independence.    In protecting the shareholders and the general public the SOX Act is intended to improve the transparency of the financial reporting.    Financial reports are to be certified by the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Chief Financial Officer (CFO)Read MoreEthics and Financial Reporting2997 Words   |  12 PagesEthics and Financial Reporting AMBA 630 Executive Summary Reacting to a flood of accounting scandals and media outcry, the U.S. Congress passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) in July 2002. It is administered by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). It sought to prevent future cases such as the one witnessed with Madoff Investment Securities, by improving the accuracy of public company financial statements. An important goal of SOX is to make these financials more meaningful (iRead MoreEthics and Financial Reporting3003 Words   |  13 PagesEthics and Financial Reporting AMBA 630 Executive Summary Reacting to a flood of accounting scandals and media outcry, the U.S. Congress passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) in July 2002. It is administered by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). It sought to prevent future cases such as the one witnessed with Madoff Investment Securities, by improving the accuracy of public company financial statements. An important goal of SOX is to make these financials more meaningful (i.e., transparent)Read MoreThe Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 20023255 Words   |  14 PagesThe Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Presented by: Ibrahim M. Conteh; Ruby Proctor Garcia; Kathleen M. Parry; Joseph M. Schmerling; Jaime Ulloa Auditing Theory and Practice 0902 ACCT422 4021 Due: April 29, 2009 Table of Contents Page Number What is the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002? 3 Why was SOX established? 4 When did SOX take effect? 5 What companies were affected and how? 6 What does SOX compliance requireRead MoreThe Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 20024779 Words   |  20 PagesThe Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002Introduction2001-2002 was marked by the Arthur Andersen accounting scandal and the collapse of Enron and WorldCom. Corporate reforms were demanded by the government, the investors and the American public to prevent similar future occurrences. Viewed to be largely a result of failed or poor governance, insufficient disclosure practices, and a lack of satisfactory internal controls, in 2002 George W. Bush signed into law the Sarbanes-Oxley Act that became effective onRead MoreLge 500 Week 10 Discussion 12 Essay2300 Words   |  10 PagesCauses Please respond to the following: Analyze at least three underlying causes for the creation of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Next, rank the causes that you have analyzed from the most important to the least important to the creation of the Act. Explain your rationale. In the later part of 1990s, there was an epidemic of accounting scandals which arose with the disclosure of financials transgressions by trusted corporate executives. The misdeeds involved misusing or misdirecting funds, understatingRead MoreThe Coso Internal Control Framework1271 Words   |  6 PagesControl Framework The framework describes internal control as a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of objectives in the following categories: †¢ Effectiveness and efficiency of operations †¢ Reliability of financial reporting †¢ Compliance with applicable laws and regulations COSO goes on to state that the internal controls of an organization can be depicted graphically using a pyramid (Appendix A). The pyramid is comprised of five different layers representing

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Systems Analysis And Design Of Iain s Co - 2733 Words

Systems Analysis and Design Help sheet: Introduction: For this unit I have been asked to produce a database for ‘Iain’s Co’ who are a large building service company, but before that I have to plan everything out by analysing and designing the database for the company’s newly taken over smaller company. Scenario: Iain’s Co are a large building company who at present have employed IT technicians in order for their technical aspects to be managed and to also support the IT users in the company. In recent time Iain’s Co s have taken over a smaller company who require some help with their database as they want to include some new features that can improve and link both company data’s together in order to manage the two sites on one database. Outline principles of systems analysis: What is a system analysis? A system analysis is a data processing method that is widely used in the business department for breaking down a problem into different parts to reduce the difficulty of the problem and identifying the needs to solve the problem more easily and more efficiently. This will be helping Iain’s Co greatly because they need a system that can break down problems so that it reduces the difficulty of the problem. What is an SSADM? Structured Systems Analysis and Design Method is also more commonly known as SSADM, which is an amalgamation of text and diagrams through the entire life cycle of a system design, from the planning of the design idea to the actual design of theShow MoreRelatedMy Personal Plan2317 Words   |  10 Pagesexercise 10 11 13 10. References. 13 11. Bibliography 14 Personal Development Plan â€Å"If you dont design your own life plan, chances are youll fall into someone elses plan. And guess what they have planned for you? Not much.† - Jim Rohn (cited @ 1. Introduction The scope of this report will be to outline and support personal developmentRead MoreBusiness Journalism in India26104 Words   |  105 Pagesimportant than ever for business journalists to pull it all together, to provide the insight and understanding in the best days, the wisdom, that will be necessary. The world doesn’t need more information. It needs more understanding, more insight, more analysis. What is the Finance Commission? The Finance Commission is constituted by the President under article 280 of the Constitution, mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongstRead MoreOnline Grocery Business10398 Words   |  42 Pagese-retailing; e-tailing; electronic business; electronic retailing; electronic shopping; information economy; Internet commerce; Internet economy; online grocery shopping; online shopping; service industry; virtual shopping; Web shopping; Web site design; Web-based commerece ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND ASDA Stores Ltd. ( was Britain’s second largest supermarket retailer, with a turnover of  £13.2 billion (for fiscal year ending December 31, 2003). The company’s trading activitiesRead MoreOecd Principles of Corporate Governance19712 Words   |  79 PagesAndrà ©-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France. OECD Principles of Corporate Governance 2004 ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT Pursuant to Article 1 of the Convention signed in Paris on 14th December 1960, and which came into force on 30th September 1961, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) shall promote policies designed: – to achieve the highest sustainable economic growth and employmentRead MoreConflict Management and Emotional Intelligence63003 Words   |  253 Pages96                                                         3.2       Justification  for  the  paradigm  and  methodology                                       99                           99                              96   3.2.1    Qualitative  analysis  Ã‚   chosen                     3.2.2    Unit  of  analysis                 Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   3.2.3    Instruments  and  procedures  of  data  collection                              107   3.2.4    Administration  of  instruments  and  procedures                              113   Read MoreManagement Course: Mba−10 General Management215330 Words   |  862 Pagesrights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher. This McGraw−Hill Primis text may include materials submitted to McGraw−Hill for publication by the instructor of this course. The instructor is solely responsible for the editorial content of suchRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 PagesMcKeown 9 †¢ 2 Twentieth-Century Urbanization: In Search of an Urban Paradigm for an Urban World †¢ Howard Spodek 53 3 Women in the Twentieth-Century World Bonnie G. Smith 83 4 The Gendering of Human Rights in the International Systems of Law in the Twentieth Century †¢ Jean H. Quataert 116 5 The Impact of the Two World Wars in a Century of Violence †¢ John H. Morrow Jr. 161 6 Locating the United States in Twentieth-Century World History †¢ Carl J. Guarneri 213

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Paradox of Household Decision Making

Question: Discuss about theParadox of Household Decision Making. Answer: Introduction: Consumer often reacts and takes impulsive decision in their daily life. Survey suggests that they often take irrational decision while making a choice of their consumption behavior. Households often think that they are risk taker in their decisions (Himmelweit et al. 2013). On other hand, people are expected to act rationally and invest on fixed assets like purchasing a house which can in future generate further utility. Consumers are also expected to invest on equity and take up their liabilities of household mortgages and loans. There are several factors that collectively dominate the complex micro-financial decision of any consumer. Few of them are: the rate of interest as offered by the banks of that nation, their capacity to invest after meeting up the expenditure of their daily chores and the existing rate of inflation on the economy (Diamond and Rothschild 2014). The essay focuses on the impact of such factors on the decisions taken by the dwellers of U.K region. After the nation existed from their alliance from Brexit, it has faced a continuously downfall in their interest rate. A single component in turn dampens the entire economic condition by impacting the immediate savings, future scope of investment. This essay also focuses on the life cycle hypothesis to analyze the uncertainty principles, especially the weak uncertainty and the strong uncertainty that drives a rational consumer into their decision process (Hanushek et al. 2016). Discussion: This essay initially focuses on the basic problem that persists in the economy. Then the essay briefly explains the concept of weak and strong uncertainty that the people exhibits through their behavior. Peoples balance between the risk taken and their choice for a secured future portrays the rationality that they are imbibed with (Belke et a. 2016). U.K has been chosen and the countrys overall behavior has been highlighted keeping in mind their recent exit from the European Union. The basic economic theory has evolved with incomplete information and uncertainty involved in investment. Here the profit maximization theory is dispensed and the theory rejects the predictable individual behavior. The approach incorporates the societal evolution and the economic system with adoptive mechanism. Situation where the fore sight is uncertain the profit maximizing option is invalid. After the Brexit, the whole economy in the European Union has undergone a change. In this change in the economic environment, individuals behavior is motivated by the prevalent uncertainty and incomplete information (Fichtner et al. 2016). Behavioral traits like imitative, trial and error behavior and adaptive behavior are observed among the individuals. The Rational Choice Theory is a framework to understand the formal setting of the social and economic behavior. The basic argument of the theory is based on the aggregate behavior of the society. The aggregate behavior results from the behavior of the individual actors. It mainly focuses on the determinants that influence the behavior of the individual (Jaeger et al. 2013). The individual chooses from the available options. The individual in the household makes his choice depending upon the available information and the possibility of information. The individual decision inclined toward the cost-effective possibility. Let us assume that the consumer have a life span over T years and has W amount of wealth. His annual income is Y. let us assume that he retires at the age R. the initial wealth is W and his lifetime earnings is RY. Thus, he divides his entire wealth that is W+RY over his entire lifetime. Hence, his consumption C = (W+RY)T.= (1/T)W + (R/T)Y= a(W/Y) + b. this equation denotes the average propensity to consume. Wealth does not change proportionately with income from year to year. So the expected result should be that high income results in low propensity to consume (Dow 2014). However, in the long run both wealth and income increases simultaneously which leads to a constant ratio W/Y implying constant average propensity to consume. max u(az + (w-a) r) dF(z). a Now, the change in wealth changes with the individuals preference toward the risk. It is assumed that two individual are having identical wealth in their savings account, but one is having H amount of money extra in his account. Thus, both the individual is ready to take a risky gamble. This behavioral trait is captured in decreasing absolute risk aversion (Frank 2013). And the individual decides to invest his wealth W. He has two choices: i) safe with return r ii) risky asset with random return z. the utility function of the individual is a concave utility function denoted u. He buys an amount of the risky asset. If, he chooses the risky asset and invest the remaining W-a in the safe asset, then the utility function will be given by az+ (W-a) r. the optimizing problem is given, u(a(z-r) + wr) (z-r) dF(z) = 0. Now the first order condition for this problem is given by: Here, the person is risk-neutral, so u(x) = ax for a constant , the marginal return in investment is Wr + a((z)-r) which is either positive or negative. The risk-neutral investor cares only about the expected return on his investment. Hence, he puts his wealth into the asset, which has a higher expected return. If the investor has a positive rate of return that is greater than r, a risk adverse investor will still invest at least some amount the asset with risky return. Thus, in the example of interest rate this argument is applicable (Frank 2013). If the rate of interest increases, a risk adverse individual will tend to invest more in that asset. On the other hand, a risk neutral individual will optimally allocate his asset between the risky asset and the risk free asset to maximize his return on his investment. The essay tries to see the effect of the basic changes in the economy of United Kingdom due to the change in factor of interest rate of the country as guided by their Central Bank (Kierzenkowski et al. 2016). Also people often have the notion of consuming more when they do not get sufficient interest from their spending. They are more reluctant to believe and act as accordingly to the situations that they presently sees. They cannot interpret the amount that they need to save for the future as the future always remains unseen. The government of the United Kingdom has been reducing the countrys rate of interest for a few years in a row. The reason behind this is to increase the level of investment in the country. This will in turn increase the aggregate demand in the country. The interest rate has been reduced by the Bank of England after the country exited from the European Union (Kierzenkowski 2016). The Foreign Domestic Investment in the country has been reduced since the Brexit. T he reduction in interest rate is supposed to increase the consumption and reduce savings presently in the short run. In the long run, the macroeconomic variable changes. This will make taking a decision hard for the households. People choose their retirement packages and savings according to their working age and old age. The trend of low interest rate has been ensured by the authorities to increase the inflation rate. The interest rate in the country for the last ten years can be depicted in a graph as given below: Figure 1: Interest rate in the United Kingdom for the last ten years. Source: As created by the author. The people of the country are supposed to take their decision on consumption based on the assets and liabilities. The households take their decisions according to their income and the rate of interest in the country. The interest rate determines the value of their assets and liabilities. The government has taken the monetary expansionary policy assuming that the households will make a rational decision. As the claim done by Merton, people are not trained for making these kinds of decisions. People of the United Kingdom have the task ahead of disaggregating their life cycle economic decisions and act accordingly (Lee 2016). They have to make micro financial decisions which involve risk. They have to allocate their asset and estimate the optimal level of utility they can derive. The main target remains as increasing the total savings in such a way that the life after retirement goes smoothly. The decision taken by the government of reducing the interest rate will reduce the size of the retirement package for the working people in the country. This presents a situation of uncertainty in the economy. The uncertainty and risks are interrelated hugely. The rational households are assumed to show a positive attitude towards risk taking and show responsible behavior through financial actions. The life cycle hypothesis proposes that an individuals consumption and savings are planned over his entire life cycle. Their intention is to even out the consumption over his entire life cycle in the best possible way. He prefers to accumulate and save when he is earning. In his retirement age he is dis-saving. The life-cycle hypothesis is based on the assumption that individual is trying to maintain a stable living standard (Hanushek et al. 2016).. This does not imply that he saves a lot in one period and spends all his savings in the next period. They tries to maintain an even consumption level throughout their life span. To understand the situation in the economy of the United Kingdom the life cycle hypothesis can be considered which will give the paradoxical behavior of the households a theoretical shape. Risk and uncertainty will also be incorporated in the report to assess the behavior. The people of the United Kingdom have the task ahead of disaggregating their total life span decisions into small parts (Shoemaker 2016). Their total possible income has to be divided in these parts for consumption purposes. Some of the parts will fall in the working age and some will not. These can be incorporated in two categories where an individual is working and when he is not or retired. The savings from his working age added with the interest he gained from saving will be his total expendable income for his retired life. In such a situation the interest rate, mortgage rate and other policies taken by the government creates uncertain situations. If the interest rate falls further the amount of money the perso n was supposed to get after retirement will decrease (Jaeger et al. 2013). Hence the person has to understand the present and future risks involved in an investment. The questions the individual has to ask himself before making an investment are: whether the growth in the stock market will be a steady one? The real estate will show a boom in the future? Is there any chance of the government of the United Kingdom to default on its debt? The decisions should make sense with the economic rationality which will consider the risk, weak and strong uncertainty regarding the decision of investment. To make a well informed decision regarding future, the individuals have to know all these theories and act accordingly. Merton argued that common people in the United Kingdom do not have the required training of doing so. Conclusion: The general people are unaware of the complexities that are involved in an economic system. They make their decisions on the basis of the situations that they see in their daily life. Most of them are unaware of the complexities involved in their decision process. They always try to maximize their consumption and also save for their future. They are expected to take risk in their investment decision by spending their hard earned money on buying fixed assets whereas save for the future so that they can have a secured life in their autumns of life (Himmelweit 2013). Whenever people get more interest rate they start to save more with the expectation of higher amount of interest. On other hand they start more consumption as a result of lowering interest rate. But at the same time saving less will reduce the scope of their future consumption. The government can spread financial awareness amongst the people. Also an extra curriculum can be added at the high school level so that the student s irrespective of the stream of subjects that they undertake can learn the very basics of financial components and take a rational decision in their life ahead. A successful implementation of this curriculum and an overall financial awareness campaign may prove efficient in removing the paradox that exists in the economy. References: Belke, A., Belke, A., Dubova, I. and Osowski, T., 2016. Policy Uncertainty and International Financial Markets: The case of Brexit. CEPS Working Document No. 429, December 2016. Diamond, P. and Rothschild, M. eds., 2014.Uncertainty in economics: readings and exercises. Academic Press Dow, S.C., 2014. Addressing uncertainty in economics and the economy.Cambridge Journal of Economics, p.beu022. Fichtner, F., Groe Steffen, C., Hachula, M. and Schlaak, T., 2016. Brexit decision is likely to reduce growth in the short term.DIW Economic Bulletin,6(26/27), pp.301-307. Frank, K., 2013. Risk, uncertainty and profit. Hanushek, E.A., Schwerdt, G., Woessmann, L. and Zhang, L., 2016. General education, vocational education, and labor-market outcomes over the life-cycle.Journal of Human Resources. Himmelweit, S., Santos, C., Sevilla, A. and Sofer, C., 2013. Sharing of resources within the family and the economics of household decision making.Journal of Marriage and Family,75(3), pp.625-639. Jaeger, C.C., Webler, T., Rosa, E.A. and Renn, O., 2013.Risk, uncertainty and rational action. Routledge. Kierzenkowski, R., Pain, N., Rusticelli, E. and Zwart, S., 2016. The Economic Consequences of Brexit Knight, F.H., 2012.Risk, uncertainty and profit. Courier Corporation. Lea, R., 2016. The economic growth rate in 2016Q3: some slowdown after the second quarter pick-up.Arbuthnot Banking Group,12. Schoenmaker, D., 2016. The UK Financial Sector and EU Integration after Brexit: The Issue of Passporting.

Friday, April 17, 2020

What black belt means to me Essays - Martial Arts, Sports

"What black belt means to me" When I first started taekwondo about 2 years ago I didn't want to do it, but my mom made me and now I am happy I didn't stop and I am now applying for my black belt. First I will talk about how a black belt should represent their school and art, then I will talk about some attributes a black belt should have, then I'll explain how I will better myself if I become a black belt. What black belt means to me is someone that has taken the time out of their life to put forth the effort to better themselves by working out at the school. A black belt is someone who is strong and courageous and tries as hard as they can, they keep going to make themselves better, for example when a black belt is sparring they may get tired but they keep going and show perseverance. A black belt helps the junior belts when they have a question about their form or one steps and they can answer their question without help from an instructor. Some attributes a black belt should have is being respectful of everyone not just senior belts, they should be respectful of their peers and everyone they meet. A black belt should understand the art that their instructor taught them and respect it. A black belt should represent their school and art in a positive way, some ways that a black belt could show this is by disciplining themselves, patience, honesty, and not hurting others by fighting or bullying. A couple ways i will represent my school and art is when I get my black belt I better myself by working out not just at my school but at the gym and at home either by practicing all of my poomsae and one-steps or just working out like doing squats, running, push up and sit ups. I will only defend myself if necessary. Everything I do will be to the best of my abilities and I will try hard at everything I do because with this new belt I have more responsibilities.

Friday, March 13, 2020

The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hiter essays

The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hiter essays In the Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler there are many hidden facts that many people including myself would not know if they didnt read the book themselves. Hitler had grown up in Austria and later moved to Germany, but then he found himself broke and homeless in the streets of Austria again. Hitler was incredibly smart and knew when to ploy his actions but in the end he became greedy which led to his defeat. In the end of his life he began to deteriorate and have frequent nervous breakdowns due to dishonest generals and the conquering of his new land by Mother Russia and the United States. Hitler was a strong willed man and if he put his mind to something he would do it, this is the scariest part of him, sure he had killed millions of innocent people but in his mind they were just in the way of his goal to eventually take over Europe and if he thought he could possibly the world. He was brought up in a strict family where everything was precious, once he had left for school in Austria he had no money or place to stay and people spat and made fun of him on the streets, especially the Jewish people, this is what created his hated towards Jews. During his war campaign he only took over countries he knew he could scare into surrendering or defeat, but towards the end his greed for power and land made him turn on his ally Russia and from then on his power went sliding down hill. Hitler would not give up in his efforts to conquer, he placed his armies in positions that would lead to the death of them all but by this time he had become delusional and not caring about the l ives of his own people. This was not a fight for the Fatherland but for Hitler himself. There are many interesting things about Hitler that were exposed in the book that a standard person would not know. Such as when Hitler was in his youth trying to get into college, he was poor, homeless, and had no support at all. With nowhere to sleep h...

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

A 2000 word review of Mark Deuzes Media Work and 2000 word self Essay

A 2000 word review of Mark Deuzes Media Work and 2000 word self evaluation - Essay Example His remarks here refer to conditions and setting of liquid life. Among the conditions Deuze is referring to include the challenge and opportunities of precarious labour, contingent employment, and a structural sense of authentic or perceived job insecurity. The first liquid life condition that Deuze refers to is the challenges and opportunities that are resultant of the current contingent or reliant employment environment. This situation, as noted by Ulrich Beck, reflects the fundamental hesitant prospects of the current work-styles throughout the society which are marked by uncertainty, inconsistency and risks (Deuze, 2006). Deuze notes that it is the nature of contemporary freedom that manifests itself most openly in the noteworthy change of people’s career from a chain of more or less expected achievements. Such is a result of an enduring contract to a continuous reshuffling of job bits and pieces in what has been heralded as portfolio work life (Deuze, 2006). Such reshuffle makes life liquid in nature. Another condition of liquid life that referred by Deuze is that precarious labour environment in the contemporary transition from life to work and the overall present employment patterns. Using Zygmunt Bauman’s sketch, Deuze notes that stability and solidity, which were at one-time major hallmarks of a health organisation have also become signs of organisation’s weakness. This is a liquid life because such global integration introduces a deep-seated aspect of unpredictability of work, leading to failure or success of the local production process becoming entirely dependent on the fluctuations in the worldwide network. Consequently, Deuzes’s reference to liquid life is relevant to the perceived job insecurity as it reflects the contemporary workforce behaviours. He notes that such patterns include adaptive response, permanent change, and continual innovation, all expressed as the exclusive philosophies of workforce flexibility.

Sunday, February 9, 2020

Loan of Central Bank of Ruritania Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Loan of Central Bank of Ruritania - Essay Example The answer to this question would depend largely on the provisions of the contract, which will be signed between Bank A and the Central Bank of Ruritania. As a basic rule, the provisions of the contract shall be considered as the primary authority governing both parties, provided that such contract is entered into according to the laws of the country from whence the party came from or of the country, which was, chose by the parties as the place of jurisdiction of the contract.1 Where the intent of the parties can be clearly gleaned from the tenor of the contract, such intent shall be held a binding upon the parties. However, in the banking system, there are certain established rules, which must be followed. â€Å"It is well established that the normal relation between a banker and his customer is that of debtor and creditor†¦Ã¢â‚¬  2 . When the client deposits money in the bank, the banker debits on its books the amount deposited by the client, thereby, recognizing an account payable. Why is this so? The rationale behind this is that one the money is deposited to the bank, â€Å"money which a customer deposits with a bank becomes the bank’s money.† 3 This means that the bank can now use the amount deposited for purposes of loan releases and financing. However, â€Å"the bank is prima facie bound to meet its debt when called upon to do so by the customer.†4 In other words, although technically there was a transfer of ownership of the money deposited from the depositor to the depositary bank, the amount can be withdrawn upon demand of the client. The question now is that whether or not the bank can hold on to the deposit account of the client in the event that the client will fail to pay its loan to the bank. What is the right of the bank on the deposit account of the debtor/client?   

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Dumb Ways to Die Essay Example for Free

Dumb Ways to Die Essay The social marketing ad campaign we chose to analyze is called, â€Å"Dumb Ways to Die,† created by the McCann Melbourne advertising agency for Metro Trains. The concept behind this ad was to raise awareness around train and railway safety. With the use of its clever and catchy theme song and animated characters demonstrating the numerous examples of, â€Å"Dumb Ways to Die,† the campaign has become a viral sensation. From its release date, of almost a year ago until now â€Å"DWTD† has had over 61+ million views on YouTube, has an interactive website dedicated solely to the campaign, an app available for Apple and Android devices as well as several parody versions of the video. When we first stumbled upon this ad it was confusing as to what the exact message was up until the very end. After conducting some light research we found that Metro Trains main concern when creating this ad was to target at-risk young people who used their trains and railways and McCann did just that. They created an ad that is fun, likeable and worth watching and showcased it in the heart of any young person’s life, the internet. McCann knew they had to get creative if they wanted to grasp the young people’s attention. However, we do not believe that this ad is effective in the way that McCann and Metro Trains had hoped it would be. Although the idea of the ad is catchy and memorable, train safety is not the first thing that comes to mind when we think of it. We believe McCann has a great idea and concept with â€Å"DWTD† but the execution is slightly flawed.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Story Of An Hour :: essays research papers

The Story of an Hour depicts a single hour in Mrs. Mallard life, in which the lady who has a weak heart experiences the momentary joy of freedom after hearing that her husband has been killed in a railroad accident. Mrs. Mallard initial reaction, upon hearing of her husband death, is not far from what readers expect: she is deeply grieved, weeps and wants to be left alone. However, during the hour she spends alone in her room, her state of mind changes dramatically. Sitting in the armchair motionlessly, she sees spring trees from the open window, smells pure air after the gentle rain, hears a faint but pleasant song, even the patched clouds outside seem to be dispersing decently in the warm and powerful sunshine eventually. All these features imply that an unconscious wish in her heart is quietly but quickly expanding. At first, she feels something is approaching her, something almost tangible, which she is not sure about: t was too subtle and elusive to name. 71) However, from that moment on, her weeping ith sudden, wild abandonment disappears, he storm of grief goes away, she is turning to the situation where she has longed for. ree, free, free! 71) The first voice of protest breaks out after those tedious, miserable years. Now she realizes the feeling approaching her and possessing her occupies her entire soul and body: his possession of self-assertion which she suddenly recognized as the strongest impulse of her being. Free! Body and soul free! 72) These unbelievably radical words show her enormous hunger for freedom, her strong wish to be herself again. Her husband sudden death has made her lifetime emotional torment come to an end, and she can be as free as a man now. On the other hand, Mrs. Mallard may cry again for the loss of her oving husband not only because of her gender role in the society, but for he still loves her and she herself had loved him as well. Moreover, the story does not tell us whether Mr. Mallard is an abusive or irresponsible husband, but this couple certainly strives for maintaining their unsatisfactory marriage. Besides, no love or security can compensate for a lack of control over her own existence (Skaggs, 53), let alone the fact that there is hardly any love in that fragile relationship.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Too much tv

Watching something on a screen will not replace watching it in real life. The viewer will not get an education by watching shows like â€Å"The Sopranos† or â€Å"24†, Just like it will not make them dumber by watching shows like â€Å"Keeping up with the Sardinian. † Finally, it will not replace the fact that watching everything on a screen is not real life. While one can learn a great deal about what is going on in the world by watching the news on CNN or FOX or CBS, it is still important to try to get that same education in other forms like the newspaper, or the Internet.Getting everything you want from Just one source is never good, and it is Just too much T. V. I love watching television, and I watch it a lot, robbery more than I should. I love watching shows or the basketball game and losing myself in the excitement of a program. In addition, I like watching the news to learn what is going on in the world, what is going on domestically. For example I watch Nettling on rerun at night till I fall asleep or maybe I do it because I cannot sleep and I get bored.However, I have never felt smarter after I finished watching â€Å"The Big Bang Theory. † I may have felt in the past as though I have learned a thing or two, but do I feel smarter? Never. Steven Johnson argues that some television shows are so employ they make you â€Å"think† and make you smarter. For example he says that â€Å"you have to focus to follow the plot, and in focusing your exercising the parts of your brain that map social networks, that fill in missing information, that connect narrative threads (292). But does watching shows that don't make you think, like â€Å"Keeping up with the Sardinian,† make one dumber? Months ago, I watched the whole season of â€Å"Orange Is the New Black† on Nettling in the span of 2 days, After watching this show I did not feel smarter or dumber, I did not feel like I could survive in prison, I did not feel li ke I could be a lawyer. I did feel a little lazy, and kind of like I Just wasted a whole weekend. Watching some shows can make a Joke out of something and at the same time make a point about our society.Antonio Peacock in her essay â€Å"Family Guy and Freud: Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious† gives an example how Americans are willing to follow the instructions of a celebrity blindly- and less willing to admit that they are doing so (Peacock, 304). Television does the same thing, television might help keep the viewer interested on what is going on with what you are watching, but it is not teaching the viewer anything else about what is going on round you, it is Just stuck on whatever it is for the next 30 minutes.However, Television does have its benefits, it allows viewers to open up to things they may not have been open to before. It can help them see life is different in places like San Diego than in Israel or Egypt. There are benefits to watching a cooking a sh ow and learning a new recipe. And I understand how watching the new thriller can get you to think and try to solve a problem you would normally not do. However, the way you will get smarter or learn the new recipe is by actually doing those things yourself. I ill learn that new pose on yoga by actually trying it myself physically on the floor.Watching television and thinking we are educating ourselves and thinking we are learning something productive is kind of taking the easy way out. It is an easy way for ourselves to Justify sitting in front of the television so we don't have to go outside, or pick up a newspaper, or a book, or having a conversation with someone else. Standing up and running is always going to be better than watching the marathon on television. I love television, I spend a lot of time with it, but let us not make something of it which is not true. It is not a teacher, or a mentor, it is a form of entertainment and a way to lose your time.

Monday, January 6, 2020

Marcus Brutus, The Most Noble Roman in Shakespeares Play...

Being ethical, patriotic, reasonable, and showing selflessness are just a few characteristics of a noble man. After the death of respected Julius Caesar, the speedy fight for power exposed the veracious side of Roman figures. William Shakespeare, in his play Julius Caesar, examines the struggles for the title of the noblest Roman between ethical Marcus Brutus and other power thirsty Romans to reveal the most honorable man. Marcus Brutus shows qualities of a noble roman through patriotism. He makes many tough decisions that result in questioning his character, but the actions he takes are for the betterment and out of the love for Rome. After the assassination of Caesar, Brutus orders: â€Å"And let us bathe our hands in Caesar’s blood / Up†¦show more content†¦Brutus can be summarized as a welcoming and loving person. Although he’s classified as a conspirator against Caesar, he tried to not scare Romans and Antony. After killing Caesar, Brutus attempts to expl ain and make peace with Antony by saying: â€Å"Our hearts you see not; they are pitiful; And pity to the general wrong of Rome- As fire drives out fire, so pity pity- Hath done this deed on Caesar. For your part, To you our swords have leaden points, Mark Antony: Our arms in strength of malice, and our hearts Of brothers’ temper, do receive you in With all kind love, good thoughts, and reverence† (III.i.169-176). By saying this to his enemy, he lessened the tension and showed ethics that he did not plan on killing Caesar’s companion. He only targeted who was wrong for Rome. Due to Brutus’s high moral standards and ethical values, he received a great amount of respect from his followers. When Brutus came close to his death he said farewell and thanked his followers. As his hands shook he said: â€Å"My heart doth joy that yet in all my life / I found no man but he was true to me. / I shall have glory by this losing day / More than Octavius and Mark Antony / By this veil conquest shall attain unto. / So fare you well at once† (V.v.34-390). By saying this Brutus tells his followers that in all his life time, he hasn’t met a man that was untrue to him. Brutus’ followers only greatly respected him because he was caring and loving to him. Not only was Brutus ethical andShow MoreRelated A Comparison of Plutarchs The Lives of the Ancient Grecians and Romans and Shakespeares Julius Caesar660 Words   |  3 PagesGrecians and Romans and Shakespeares Julius Caesar When closely evaluating the two texts: Plutarchs The Lives of the Ancient Grecians and Romans and Shakespeares Julius Caesar, there are stark differences of the theme and characters. While Plutarchs text is mostly informative, as describing a series of historical events, Shakespeare incorporates a wide variety of dramatic conventions as well as changing many events to entertain an audience. It is important to note that Shakespeares play was basedRead More Brutus is the Tragic Hero of Julius Caesar Essay858 Words   |  4 PagesBrutus is the Tragic Hero of Julius Caesar      Ã‚  Ã‚   Shakespeares play Julius Caesar is a tragic play, where the renowned Julius Caesar is on the brink of achieving total control and power by becoming emperor of the Roman Empire. Ironically enough, when he thinks he is one step away from pulling it off, his friends (most from the senate) decide to overthrow him, with Caesars most trusted friend, Marcus Brutus, acting as leader of the conspirators. Though the fall of Caesar from the mostRead MoreMarcus Brutus as a Tragic Hero Essay1002 Words   |  5 Pages A tragic hero in Shakespearean literature is understood as a noble and heroic character who makes a series of bad decisions based on his bad judgment that leads to his downfall and eventually death. In William Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar, the tragic hero is Marcus Brutus, a powerful Roman senator who joins a conspiracy to assassinate the Roman ruler, Julius Caesar. Marcus Brutus is a tragic hero because of his noble reputation, his moral personality, the cathartic experience that the audienceRead MoreThe Downfall Of Julius Caesar1678 Words   |  7 PagesWilliam Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar provides a largely accurate and incredibly detailed record of the assassination of its namesake, the play is regarded not as one of the Bard’s histories, but as one of his greatest tragedies. Shakespeare’s poignant lyrical interpretation of the fall of Julius Caesar is defined without a doubt as a tragedy by the sorrowful nature of the development, execution, and aftermath of Marcus Brutus’ betrayal of Julius Caesar. At the start of the timelessly classic play, JuliusRead MoreThe Tragic Hero Of Marcus Junius Brutus Minor Essay1418 Words   |  6 PagesOctober 27, 2015 Tragic hero Marcus Junius Brutus Minor was the son of Marcus Junius Brutus Maior and Servilia Caepionis. His father was killed by Pompey the Great in dubious circumstances after he had taken part in the rebellion of Lepidus; his mother was the half-sister of Cato the Younger, and later Julius Caesar s mistress. Some sources refer to the possibility of Caesar being his real father,despite Caesar s being only 15 years old when Brutus was born. Brutus uncle, Quintus Servilius CaepioRead MoreA Tragic Hero As Used By Shakespeare. In, â€Å"The Tragedy1657 Words   |  7 PagesA Tragic Hero as Used by Shakespeare In, â€Å"The Tragedy of Julius Caesar,† by William Shakespeare, you can see Shakespeare’s use of a tragic hero. The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a play about how Marcus Brutus and Cassius contemplate the murder of the great Julius Caesar. The play discusses the planning of the murder, and the events that follow the catastrophe. Brutus is one of the conspirators in the murdering of Caesar and is also one of his beloved friends. Shakespeare incorporates traditionalRead MoreShakespeare’S Tragic Hero . William Shakespeare, â€Å" The1492 Words   |  6 PagesShakespeare’s Tragic Hero William Shakespeare, â€Å" The Bard†, is one of the most influential figure that shaped the english language. He has wrote some of the most well known poetry and plays. Also he has has a large influence on the english language itself. He added around 5,000 different words that we still use today. Some Shakespeare’s most well known plays are Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, and The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. The Tragedy of Julius Caesar was one of Shakespeare s plays thatRead MoreJake Beidler. Mrs. Voshell. Honors English 10. 5 May 2017.1444 Words   |  6 Pages2017 The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, more like The Tragedy of Brutus The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is one of the better known, yet lesser understood theater installments by William Shakespeare in the Sixteenth Century. The play was first performed September 21, 1599 in the Globe Theatre in London, England. In the play there are many different and unique characters, some complex, some simple. Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, better known as Brutus, is one of the characters in the play and the protagonistRead MoreThroughout The Course Of Society, Political Leaders And1775 Words   |  8 Pagesphysical being, but also of their mental state. In William Shakespeare’s world-renowned play Julius Caesar, Shakespeare illustrates the political, power struggle between the prodigious leader of Rome, Julius Caesar, and Brutus and his conspirators. Through the University of Houston’s production of Julius Caesar, the audience gained a unique and fresh perspective of the play. From the modern clothing the cast wore, to the in the round arena the play was performed on, and to the reversal of gender rolesRead MoreJulius Caesar the True Tragic Hero1526 Words   |  7 Pagesbecome a hero until he can see the root of his own downfall.† These words best describe what a â€Å"Tragic Hero† is and both Julius Caesar and Brutus displayed this characteristic, so the question is â€Å"Who is the real tragic hero in this story?† This paper shall explore the reasons behind why each man is considered a hero in his own right and who the rightful owner to the title of the play truly belongs to. There have been countless tragic heroes in the works of William Shakespeare such as Macbeth and